LTL freight shipping differs from full truckload freight shipping. Freight shipping is simple: the carrier gets the pallets on the truck, drives to the delivery area, and drops off the freight where it’s expected to go. Figuring out the pricing of freight shipping is much less simple, though. It’s particularly hard to understand pricing for LTL freight shipping.
When freight isn’t large enough to fill up the entire truck, but it’s too big to be shipped through parcel carriers, LTL freight is the mode of shipping to work with. Shippers can save on the expense of an entire truckload by utilizing LTL to cut shipping costs. Complicated matrices which consider several different criteria are utilized to determine shipping rates for this style of freight. Knowing the various factors that influence LTL freight pricing is essential to cut shipping costs and manage the supply chain.
Weight, freight class, and shipping distance are the main factors for LTL freight pricing. These are realistic criteria for picking out freight shipping rates, but they’re placed on matrices used as tariffs to rate each shipment to come up with the shipping costs. It’s vital to understand LTL freight shipping and shipping rates and how it impacts transportation management, so let’s look closer at these criteria.
Freight Weight and Shipping Distance
Shipping rates for LTL freight are generally broken down by hundredweight for shipping between pickup and delivery in the carrier’s tariff. It’s pretty straightforward to fully grasp these two elements. The principle concept is that as the overall weight of the freight grows, shipping rates increase, too, but as the weight of the LTL shipment increases, costs per hundredweight will lessen. It can be a bit complicated, but the logical comprehension of greater weight equals greater shipping costs remains true. This is true for distance, as well. Your shipping rates are going to be higher the farther the LTL shipment travels.
LTL Freight Class
Weight plays a significant role in figuring out shipping expenses, but that isn’t the only element that matters for carriers. The space in the truck is also very important to understand. LTL shipping rates also use class to consider the space a shipment needs. Different freight shipments have different classes depending on what’s in them.
This influences LTL freight shipping prices, because quality and less dense freight is charged at a higher class than heavy and cheap goods. It’s because of the changes to the liability for damage to the carrier that the worth of the LTL freight is factored in. Carriers can’t charge as much for freight with small weight to rate ratio, because shipping prices are based on weight.
Supply Chain Management Influence
The final factor to bear in mind is that LTL freight shipping charges are negotiable. You should use transportation management strategies and negotiations to cut shipping charges. It depends on your transportation management abilities and negotiations, but there are always discounts which can be used on LTL freight, but how substantial of a discount can vary. There are contract negotiation experts you can hire to help negotiate less expensive LTL freight shipping charges. Because shipping prices are a significant element in LTL freight shipping, this is a great call for supply chain management.